Asian Journal of OPHTHALMOLOGY

Asian Journal of OPHTHALMOLOGY is the official publication of the South East Asia Glaucoma Interest Group, and is a peer-reviewed quarterly publication for the practising ophthalmologist. The Journal is indexed in EMBASE/Excerpta Medica.
Submissions may be made online at through the ‘Manuscript Submission’ page or sent on disk to the following address:
The Editor
Asian Journal of OPHTHALMOLOGY
Scientific Communications International Ltd
Suite C, 10/F
Wo On Building
10 Wo On Lane
Central, Hong Kong

Articles can also be submitted electronically online. To submit your manuscript online, please click on the ‘Submit a Manuscript’ link below:
[ Submit a Manuscript ]

Manuscript Criteria

Submitted manuscripts should adhere to the stated format. Manuscripts that do not conform to the approved format will be returned without review. Authors should fulfil the authorship criteria sated in the Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: writing and editing for biomedical publication for guidance, which should also be followed for general guidance.1

A covering letter stating that the submitted material has not been previously published and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere should be included. The receipt of submissions will be acknowledged. All accepted papers become the permanent property of Asian Journal of OPHTHALMOLOGY and may not be published elsewhere without written permission from the Journal.

Categories of Articles

Editorials – Length should not exceed 1000 words; the total number of Tables and Figures should not be more than 2, and references not more than 10.

Original Articles – Length should not exceed 2500 words; the total number of Tables and Figures should not be more than 6, and references not more than 40. Headings of Introduction, Patients and Methods, Results, and Discussion should be included.

Review Articles – Length should not exceed 2500 words; the total number of Tables and Figures should not be more than 6, and references not more than 40. Section headings should be provided.

Case Reports – Length should not exceed 1000 words; the total number of Tables and Figures should not be more than 2, and references not more than 10.

Conference Reports – Length should not exceed 2500 words; the total number of Tables or Figures should not be more than 6, and references not more than 40. Headings for different sections should be provided.

Letters to the Editor – Communications on all aspects of ophthalmology are encouraged. Length should not exceed more than 300 words, and references should number no more than 5.

Manuscript Preparation
The manuscript should be arranged as follows:

Title Page
The title page should contain the following:
the title of the article, which should be concise but informative
a short running title of fewer than 40 characters (including spaces)
the first name, middle initials, and last name of all authors, with their 2 highest academic degrees; a maximum of 6 authors is permitted
the name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which each author is affiliated
the full name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the designated author for correspondence.

Abstract and Key words

The abstract for original articles must summarise the purpose, procedures, main findings, and principal conclusions of the investigation, and must be structured with the following subheadings: Aim(s), Patients and Methods, Results, and Conclusion(s). Abstracts for all other articles must be unstructured, but should include the key points discussed in the paper. Abstracts should be no longer than 250 words. The key words must be Medical Subject Headings taken from Medline/Index Medicus.

Body Text

For original articles, the following sections should be included:

Introduction
The rationale for the study should be summarised and pertinent background material outlined. This should not include findings or conclusions.
This section should describe the methodology in sufficient detail to leave the reader in no doubt as to how the results are derived.

Patients and Methods
This section should describe the methodology in sufficient detail to leave the reader in no doubt as to how the results are derived.
Manuscripts that contain the results of human or animal studies should make clear that a high standard of ethics was applied. Invasive studies of humans should state that the research protocol was approved by the local ethics committee.

Results
The results should be presented in logical sequence in the text, Tables, and Figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. This section should not include material appropriate to the Discussion. Results must be statistically analysed where appropriate, and the statistical guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors should be followed.1

Discussion
Data given in the Results section should not be repeated here. This section should present the implications and limitations of the study. The Discussion may also include an evaluation of methodology and of the relationship of new information to the existing body of knowledge in the field. Conclusions should be incorporated into the final paragraph and should be consistent with — and completely supported by — data in the text.

Acknowledgement(s)

Acknowledgements can be made to people who have offered assistance in the research or preparation of the manuscript and who do not fulfil authorship criteria. Research or project support should also be stated, as well as any conflicts of interest.

References

The references should be numbered in numerical order in the text and the reference list, and should not appear in alphabetical order. References should follow the Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: writing and editing for biomedical publication1 and should appear in the text, Tables, and Figures as Arabic numerals in superscript. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with Medline/Index Medicus. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references and must verify them against the original documents. All authors and editors must be listed. The following are examples of reference style:

Standard journal article
Cheung JC, Wright MM, Murali S, Pederson JE. Intermediate-term outcome of variable dose mitomycin C filtering surgery. Ophthalmology. 1997;104:143-9.

Supplement
Taylor A, Jacques PF, Epstein EM. Relations among aging, antioxidant status, and cataract. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995;62 (6 Suppl):1439-47.

Books and other monographs
Kupfer C, Underwood B, Gillen T. Leading causes of visual impairment worldwide. In: Albert DM, Jakobiec FA, editors. Principles and practice of ophthalmology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 1994:1250-1.

Tables

Tables must be typed in Table format after the references or provided in a separate Microsoft Word file. All Tables must be cited in numerical order in the text. A brief title should be supplied for each Table and a short heading provided for each column. Explanatory matter should be placed in footnotes, not in the heading. Abbreviations should be avoided in Tables. If abbreviations are necessary, they must be explained in a footnote. Statistical measures of variation such as standard deviation, standard error of the mean, and confidence interval should be identified in the column headings.

Figures and Illustrations

All Figures must be cited in numerical order in the text, and a brief legend provided after the references. Figures should be provided in electronic format in a separate file, not as part of the body text. The resolution of Figures must be at least 350 dpi. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify part of an illustration, each one should be identified and clearly explained in the legend. If only hard copies of Figures are submitted, each one should have a label pasted on the back indicating the number of the Figure, the author’s name, and the top of the Figure (Figures must not be written on and paper clips must not be used).

Illustrations can include photographs, photomicrographs, charts, and diagrams. Photographs of persons must be retouched to make the subject unidentifiable, and be accompanied by written permission from the subject to use the photograph. Footnotes for Figures and Tables must use the following symbols, in this order *,† ,‡, §,||, ¶,**,††,‡‡,|| ||, ¶¶.

General Style

The following style should be used:
all papers should be written in English; spelling should comply with the Concise Oxford English Dictionary
Arabic numerals should be used for all numbers, except for numbers below 10 at the beginning of sentences, which should be spelled out
abbreviations should not appear in the title or abstract and their use in the text should be limited; abbreviations should be defined at the first mention in the text unless they are standard units of measurement
Système International (SI) measurements must be used for all laboratory values
generic drug names must be used unless the specific trade name of a study drug is directly relevant to the discussion.

Editorial Processing

Papers will be accepted for publication on the understanding that the manuscript has not been submitted for publication elsewhere. Each paper submitted for publication will be assessed by peer review. The Editor’s decision as to suitability for publication is final.

Accepted manuscripts will be copy edited according to the Journal style and returned to the author for approval prior to publication. Authors are responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made by the copy editor.

Research or project support should be stated. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining written permission to use any copyrighted text or illustrations.

Reference

1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: writing and editing for biomedical publication. ICMJE; 2004. Available from: http://www.icmje.org

Click here to download the Information For Authors in PDF format.